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Creating a managed service account with PowerShell DSC fails: The KDS Root Key was not found

At the moment I am busy with automating the creation of a Windows 2019 server with the Active Directory role enabled. My PowerShell DSC script is hosted in Azure Automation wich acts as the pull server. The script is installing the Active Directory role and configuring the domain. During my initial test I got the following error when the script tries to create a Managed Service Account.

System.InvalidOperationException: Error adding group account 'gMSA-ADSync'. The KDS Root Key was not found. (MSA0019)
Microsoft.ActiveDirectory.Management.ADException: Key does not exist
System.ServiceModel.FaultException: Active Directory returned an error processing the operation.

After doing some research I found out what the reason for this is. According the Microsoft documentation the reason for this behavior is as follows:

Domain Controllers (DC) require a root key to begin generating gMSA passwords. The domain controllers will wait up to 10 hours from time of creation to allow all domain controllers to converge their AD replication before allowing the creation of a gMSA. The 10 hours is a safety measure to prevent password generation from occurring before all DCs in the environment are capable of answering gMSA requests. If you try to use a gMSA too soon the key might not have been replicated to all domain controllers and therefore password retrieval might fail when the gMSA host attempts to retrieve the password. gMSA password retrieval failures can also occur when using DCs with limited replication schedules or if there is a replication issue.

For test environments with only one DC, you can create a KDS root key and set the start time in the past to avoid the interval wait for key generation by using the following PowerShell command:

Add-KdsRootKey –EffectiveTime ((Get-Date).AddHours(-10))

I added the following Script block to my Active Directory DSC script to automate this.

Script "KDSRootKey"
	SetScript = {
		Add-KdsRootKey –EffectiveTime ((Get-Date).AddHours(-10))
	GetScript = { @{} }
	TestScript = {
		$rootKey = Get-KdsRootKey -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue

		if ($null -eq $rootKey) {
			return $false
		} else {
			return $true


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